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Genoese fortress (Cesme Castle) description and photos - Turkey: Cesme. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The name in English is Cesme Castle.
Photo and description
Located on the peninsula of the same name, Cesme is one of the most visited cities in Turkey. This peninsula is washed by the waves of the Aegean Sea. The sources discovered here in the 18th - 19th centuries gave the city its name, since the Turkish word “cheshme” is translated into Russian as “source”, “fountain”.
Its main attraction is the Genoese fortress, majestic towering over the city. The purpose of its construction was to protect against attacks by pirates of the nearby coast. It was erected in the XIV century, and restored already in the XVI century, when the country was ruled by Sultan Bayazid II. But it didn’t last long. A century later, during the war with the Venetian Republic, as a result of the assault, it was completely destroyed.
And in the 18th century, the fortress was rebuilt. Its exclusively military purpose led to the fact that it became a place of deployment for a long time, until 1833, a military garrison. In addition, it served as a residence for the Knights of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. And already in the 20th century, the authorities decided to open an Archaeological Museum in the North Tower.
The fortress in Cesme is also famous for the fact that at one time it served as a refuge for the comrades-in-arms of the famous pirate Hayraddin Barbarossa, who, despite the "criminal »The past, later he rose to the rank of admiral of the Turkish fleet.
Six stately towers with a moat surrounding it give special picturesqueness to the fortress.
Every year, in July, the fortress turns into an open theater ,
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Topic: Genoese fortress (Cesme Castle) description and photos - Turkey: Cesme.