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Architectural complex " Caravanserai " description and photo - Russia - Volga region: Orenburg. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photos and a map showing the nearest significant objects.
Photo and description
The pearl of architecture in the Orenburg region is a complex of buildings created by the Russian architect A.P. Bryullov. The project approved by the emperor himself in 1837 was intended for the Bashkir-Meshcheryak army and a hotel for traveling Bashkirs. The construction of the inn was carried out by the Bashkirs with voluntary donations from 1837 to 1842. Into the architectural ensemble named " Caravanserai " (`` caravan house '' in Turkic), included an octagonal mosque, the main building with outbuildings and a 35-meter minaret. Several styles and directions are compositionally intertwined in the architectural complex: along with the national Bashkir motives, one can notice the forms of Moorish, Turkish and Arab architecture. A beautiful provincial garden was laid out around the Caravanserai, which gave Orenburg a special flavor in those years.
In 1917, a provisional government was located within the walls of the Caravanserai, a little later a council of deputies, and from 1918 to 1921. the fate of hundreds of thousands of people was decided by the Revolutionary Council of Bashkortostan. In 1960, the architectural complex Caravanserai was included in the list of architectural monuments of national importance. In 1994, an agreement was signed, where the Orenburg complex becomes the property of the Republic of Bashkortostan on the territory of Russia.
Nowadays, the historical and architectural complex on the border of Europe and Asia is a unique architectural monument of the first half of the 19th century, generally retaining its original appearance.
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Topic: Architectural complex Caravanserai description and photo - Russia - Volga region: Orenburg.