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Werfen description and photos - Austria: Salzburg (land). Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The title in English is Werfen.
Photo and description
Werfen is a city in Austria located in the Pongau region in the Salzach river valley, about 40 kilometers south of Salzburg. Werfen is located in the center of a valley surrounded by mountain ranges.
The settlement arose south of the Hohenwerfen fortress, which was erected in 1075 by order of the Salzburg Archbishop Gebhard to protect the Salzburg lands. In 1278, the Archbishopric of Salzburg received the status of a sovereign principality of the Holy Roman Empire, becoming, in fact, an independent state.
In 1524, a peasant war broke out in Germany, which strongly affected the lands of Salzburg. The peasants raged and looted, laid siege to Werfen in 1525, almost completely destroyed the Hohenwerfen castle. Hohensalzburg Castle was next on their way, which the peasants could not destroy. The riot was ended, all the peasants surrendered to Prince Mattois von Wellenburg, who forced them to rebuild the Hohenwerfen castle they had destroyed. Today the castle is one of the main tourist attractions in Werfen.
The second important attraction of Werfen is the Eisriesenwelt ice cave, which is considered one of the largest in the world. The length of the cave is 42 kilometers, located near the Hohenwerfen castle. More than 200,000 tourists from all over the world visit this unique natural landmark of Werfen every year.
There are several interesting churches in Werfen itself - the Baroque parish church of St. James from the 17th century and the Capuchin church of Mariahilfe, built in the 18th century.
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Topic: Werfen description and photos - Austria: Salzburg (land).