Manor of the Sheremetevs estate manager description and photos - Russia - Golden Ring: Ivanovo. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photos and a map showing the nearest significant objects.
Photo and description
The city of Ivanovo is a type of Russian industrial city of the late 19th - early 20th centuries. Here you can visit the Museum of Industry and Art, the Museum of Ivanovo Chintz, the house of the merchant Osip Shchudrov (Shchudrovskaya tent), the Sheremetevs 'estate, etc.
The estate of the Sheremetevs' estate manager is one of the most original and unique examples of civil architecture the city of Ivanovo, an interesting architectural monument in the style of classicism. It is located in the very center of the city, on Krutitskaya Street, 33.
The rapid course of the 18th century, opened by the reform activities of Emperor Peter the Great, left its mark on the development of the Ivanovo region and especially the village of Ivanovo. The village, which has been in the possession of the princes of Cherkassk since 1667, in 1743 it was transferred to the ancient noble family of the counts Sheremetevs. These changes were associated with the wedding of Count Pyotr Borisovich Sheremetev (son of the famous associate of Peter I, Field Marshal Boris Petrovich Sheremetev) and the daughter of Prince and Chancellor of the Russian Empire Alexei Mikhailovich Cherkassky - Varvara Alekseevna. Cherkassky gave a fantastic, even for those times, dowry for his only daughter - the village of Ivanovo, Vasilievskoye and more than 5 dozen settlements of the region became part of the huge Sheremetev estates, in which there were more than 300,000 serf souls.
Ivanovo turned into the center of the vast patrimony of the Sheremetevs, stretching southward from the village along the banks of the Uvod River between the roads that led from Ivanovo to Shuya and Lezhnevo.
At the end of the 18th - first half of the 19th centuries, the Ivanovo estate was one of the most profitable estates of the Sheremetevs. The estate was either built or bought from local residents. Here, in a huge house, the manager's apartment was arranged, and an office was located in the wing. On the site of the Kruglikha grove, the Grafsky Garden was laid out (now the Garden of May 1). In terms of the number of inhabitants, the capital of the Sheremetev estate surpassed even the neighboring county centers. The new owner was condescending to the "capitalist" peasants. Peter Borisovich Sheremetev, and later his son Nikolai, not only did not interfere with the activities of local serf entrepreneurs, but also encouraged it.
The Sheremetevs almost never visited Ivanovo and the surrounding area. Only in 1771 Count Nikolai Petrovich Sheremetev arrived here to wait out the plague epidemic, which raged in the capitals. The management of the rich patrimony was carried out by the St. Petersburg residence of the Sheremetevs, and its administrators - elected peasants - served on the Ivanovo lands. Inspectors rarely came to Ivanovo from the central patrimonial office. For example, with this purpose in 1793, Ivan Petrovich Argunov arrived in the village, who was not only a great Russian artist of the 18th century, but also an official in the vast Sheremetev fortress estate.
From the Ivanovo patrimonial office to the Sheremetev estate Kuskovo, which was located near Moscow, collected quitrent money was sent, carpenters were sent to build luxurious count's palaces. The rent collected in a year in the village of Ivanovo was more than in the whole country. This was due to the fact that the average standard of living of local peasants was higher, than in many other estates. It is not for nothing that the proverb appeared: "Rich and boastful, like an Ivanovo man."
Until the revolutionary events, the Sheremetevs owned large plots of land. Only in 1887 was the main city square (now called Revolution Square) bought out, where the shopping complex was located. Currently, the building houses CJSC Ivanovorestavratsia.
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Topic: Manor of the Sheremetevs estate manager description and photos - Russia - Golden Ring: Ivanovo.