La Defense description and photos - France: Paris (Topic)

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La Defense description and photos - France: Paris

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La Defense description and photo - France: Paris

La Defense description and photos - France: Paris. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The name in English is La Defense.

Photo & Description

La Defense, a modern business and residential neighborhood called "Parisian Manhattan", was built where a poor suburban neighborhood used to be. Old small factories, hovels, and a few farms were a marginal place. But during the era of President de Gaulle, who was striving for the technological modernization of the country, it was there that a new quarter was born, which is now considered the largest business center in Europe.

Development began in 1958 after the emergence of EPAD, a state institution created specifically to unload old Paris and the development of a new area. The name - La Defense - comes from the name of the monument La D é fense de Paris ("Defense of Paris") in honor of the soldiers who fought here during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870.

In the new area, the traffic of pedestrians and cars was separated: under a huge concrete esplanade (more than a kilometer in length and 250 meters in width) there are roads, railways, a station and a parking lot. Also below are the underground floors of skyscrapers and all communications.

Every year more than 8 million tourists visit La Defense. What attracts them to the business district? Dozens of skyscrapers of original architecture, whose cold minimalism is set off by city sculptures of bright colors and rather unusual appearance, a musical fountain and, of course, the Grand Arch.

The Grand Arch is located on the east-west historical axis of Paris and is visible from the city center through two other famous arches are the Arc de Triomphe and the Carousel. The contrast between the old buildings and the hi-tech business district is impressive. The dream of continuing the historical axis of the city arose even among the presidents Pompidou and d'Estaing, but it came true only in 1989, under Mitterrand. 484 projects from all over the world took part in the competition. The winner - Danish architect Johan Otto von Spreckelsen - dedicated his project not to military victories, but to the ideas of humanism. The arch is a high (110 meters) hollow cube of white Carrara marble and granite, sheathed with glass panels, inside - a fiberglass "cloud" on cables. Glass lifts lifted tourists to the rooftop observation deck. Roof access is now closed to visitors - perhaps forever.

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Topic: La Defense description and photos - France: Paris.La Defense description and photos - France: Paris

Author: Kelly Costine