Cold War Museum description and photos - Russia - Moscow: Moscow. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photos and a map showing the nearest significant objects.
Photo and description
In the second half of the last century, almost immediately after the end of the Second World War, the world went into a state of cold war - this was the name of the global confrontation between the two superpowers, the USSR and the USA and their allies. The world was actually divided into two parts, one of which supported the ideology of capitalism, and the other - socialism. The Cold War was accompanied by an increase in military and nuclear power on both sides, and if any of the participants in the confrontation dared to press the nuclear "button", World War III would begin, after which the world would turn into a nuclear desert.
One of the facilities built during the Cold War, a former reserve command post for long-range aviation, located on Taganka, was transformed into a museum. Its visitors can experience the maximum degree of immersion in the atmosphere of this conflict, which lasted almost half a century.
Bunker-42 in Soviet times was a classified object, but at the beginning of this century it was bought by a private company, which opened in 2006 Museum of the Cold War. Its construction was carried out from 1951 to 1956 in strict secrecy, using the same technique that was used in the construction of the subway. The object was declassified in 1995, after the end of the Cold War.
The entrance to the museum is located near the Taganskaya metro station. Outside, it looks like an ordinary building, but inside it is entirely made of concrete to protect the entrance to the bunker from a direct hit from a conventional bomb and from a shock wave from a nuclear explosion. The bunker itself is located 60 meters underground. A layer of soil as thick as an 18-storey building was supposed to protect the personnel of the bunker from radiation contamination. The bunker area is about seven thousand square meters. The bunker stored a supply of water, food for three months, the air purification system worked, communications were made, the bunker facilities were electrified.
Today, museum visitors are invited to try on the roles of soldiers and officers who were supposed to serve in conditions of the "cold war". The excursion begins with the issuance of a ticket at the checkpoint in the form of a service certificate, and visitors are also offered to take part in an imitation of a rocket launch and in a training alert with putting on gas masks.
Among the museum's exhibits are the bunker interiors themselves, a model of this structure, a nuclear bombs, samples of various weapons, military uniform, protective equipment. Visitors are also shown a film about the Cold War and the Cuban Missile Crisis, an event in 1962 that could have brought the world to the brink of World War III.
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Topic: Cold War Museum description and photos - Russia - Moscow: Moscow.