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Church of Antipas, Bishop of Pergamon, in Kolymazhny yard description and photos - Russia - Moscow: Moscow. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photos and a map showing the nearest significant objects.
Photo and description
In this temple, according to the Moscow legends, Tsar Ivan the Terrible married one of his wives. And Malyuta Skuratov, the main sovereign oprichnik, the Skuratov estate, was almost closely adjacent to the temple, probably took part in its construction.
Currently, the building of the Church of the Holy Martyr Antipius in the Kolymazhny Dvor occupies one of the departments of the State Museum of Fine Arts named after A.S. Pushkin. The building was withdrawn from the Church at the end of the 20s of the last century, in the 50s it was partially dismantled, at the end of the century it was restored, including the restoration of the facades in the 90s. In 2005, the building of the temple was returned to the Russian Orthodox Church. The building was also recognized as an architectural monument.
The church is located in Kolymazhny lane, on the site of the former Tsar's stable yard, nicknamed Kolymazhny, in the oldest district of Moscow - Zaneglimenye. The first mention of the church was found in historical documents from 1530. In all likelihood, the first building of the church was wooden, and it was replaced by a stone building towards the end of the 16th century.
The main chapel of the church was consecrated in the name of the holy martyr Antipas, who lived in the 1st century, during the reign of the Roman emperor Nero, and was a bishop in the city of Pergamum. Thanks to the efforts of Antipas, the inhabitants of the city stopped participating in pagan rituals, and therefore Antipius himself was sacrificed by pagan priests - he was burned in a ritual furnace in the form of a copper bull. The bishop's body was not touched by fire and was secretly buried by Pergamon Christians. His burial place became a source of miracles and a place of pilgrimage.
In 1737, the church building was partially burnt down during a fire, but two years later, its restoration was begun, in which eminent parishioners took part - for example, Prince Golitsyn. About a hundred years later, the Kolymazhny yard was destroyed, and after another hundred and some time its territory was transferred to the museum.
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Topic: Church of Antipas, Bishop of Pergamon, on Kolymazhny yard description and photos - Russia - Moscow: Moscow.