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Shopping arcade description and photos - Russia - Golden Ring: Rostov the Great. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photos and a map showing the nearest significant objects.
Photo and description
Shopping arcade in Rostov is a large complex consisting of buildings built in different periods and in different styles. They are located in the very center of the city, next to the Bishop's Court.
The oldest shopping arcades stretch along the northern wall of the cathedral fence. They are a long row of low benches with wide arched openings; in the center of the rows is the chapel of the Assumption Cathedral. Through it you can go to the cathedral courtyard.
The shopping arcade in the center of Rostov was built in the late 18th - early 19th centuries, somewhat later, in the 30s - 40s of the 19th century, Gostiny and Mytny were built (the name comes from the word "washed" is a fee for transporting goods to auctions) courtyards.
Shopping arcades occupying an entire quarter, located opposite the shops in the cathedral fence - this is "Yemelyanovskiy Ryad" (on the street 50th anniversary of October, houses 1-7). It was built in 1780-1798 by architect I. Levengagen; The most active part in the construction of these trading places was taken by the Emelyanov brothers - Peter, Ivan, Alexey. Other Rostov merchants also participated in the construction of new trading rows: the Khlebnikovs, Shchapovs, Malyshevs and others. The Emelyanovs' customers indicate in the documents that the rows were built in the place where the philistine wooden shops and houses used to be, and the Emelyanovs paid a lot of money for their transfer.
Today "Emelyanovsky Ryad" is a number of buildings of different styles: some of them are decorated with pediments, colonnades, some are made much simpler. The porticoes and colonnades appeared during renovations in the 1840s, after which the row is called the Moscow one. Until now, the shopping malls have retained their original function - numerous shops are located here.
The stone Gostiny Dvor, which is surrounded by a gallery with arcades, and with the Church of the Savior on Torgu towering above it, was built in 1841 after a fire in which the wooden Gostiny Dvor, built in the 1820s, burned down. The author of the project was the architect A.I. Melnikov.
The shopping malls were necessary to meet the needs of the vast Rostov fair, which was held annually and brought the city a lot of income. During the heyday of fair trade, up to a thousand shops were opened. The fair in Rostov ranked third in Russia after the Nizhny Novgorod fair and the Irbit fair. It usually took place in early spring and lasted two and a half weeks. At first, only residents of neighboring villages and towns located nearby took part in it. When customs duties were abolished, merchants from different remote corners of the country, Astrakhan and Kazan began to arrive. Sometimes only one merchants gathered about seven thousand, and about tens of thousands of people took part in the fair. The fair bargaining was conducted on large areas lying between Okruzhnaya Street and the ramparts. Any product could be purchased here. They traded on different streets and even in yards. The constant companions of the Rostov fair are various entertainments - performances, swings. Each fair was accompanied by music, fun on the streets, and festivities.
Although today there is no longer a crowded and noisy Rostov fair, the shopping arcade continues to fulfill its original purpose.
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Topic: Shopping malls description and photos - Russia - Golden Ring: Rostov Veliky.