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The city of Patara was founded in the 5th century BC. Over time, the city became the largest port of Lycia.
During numerous wars, the city served as a major naval port and shipyard.
In 42 BC. the residents of the city were presented with an ultimatum. Brutus promised, upon voluntary surrender, to spare the inhabitants and even release the existing captives. Residents obeyed, buying off silver and gold.
After the estuary became shallow and ships could not dock at the port, the locals left the city and were forced to look for another place.
Today, a large part of this ancient city is still underground, despite active archaeological excavations. You can enter the excavation site by walking through a three-part Roman arch dating from 100 AD.
Not far from the arch is a small hill on which the head of Apollo was found. Perhaps, it was here that the temple of Apollo stood earlier, which has not yet been found.
South of the hill, you can see a basilica overgrown with palm trees and Turkish baths. Also of interest are the city walls located near the basilica, a 2nd century Corinthian temple, a small agora and Vespasian's baths.
At one of the ledges of the ancient acropolis, there is a theater that, according to archaeological data, contained 28 rows of seats. The stage itself with 5 arched windows and 5 doors has been well preserved.
You can get to the Acropolis along the path located to the south of the theater. From here, a wonderful view of the swampy lagoon and the sea opens from the top.
Another attraction of Patara is its golden beach. sand.
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Topic: Ruins of the city of Patara in Turkey, Antalya coast resort.