Rating: 7,7/10 (2049 votes)
According to unofficial versions, Olomouc is one of the oldest cities in modern Czech Republic. Over the many centuries of its existence, the city has accumulated several dozen sights, if not of global, then of all-European importance. Some of the architectural monuments of Olomouc are included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Humanity.
When it comes to shopping, Olomouc is slightly inferior to larger cities in terms of the number of shopping centers, but here you can also find advantages. The small number of large shopping areas is compensated by the widest choice - in one store you can buy everything from clothing to food. Like a number of historic cities, Olomouc has hundreds of souvenir shops selling commemorative goods with the city's symbols.
And, of course, the local restaurants cannot be overlooked, providing visitors with a selection of the best Czech cuisine. Local cottage cheese desserts are known throughout the Czech Republic, and the technology of their production has remained unchanged for five centuries.
Places of interest
Olomouc's historic center marks one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. We are talking about the famous Trinity Column. In fact, the column is an authentic European monument - a plague pillar, a special category of monuments erected after the end of terrible epidemics. Most often, the top of the column was decorated with the image of the saint, the patron saint of the city, in this case, it is decorated with the image of the Trinity. The monument was created for more than 30 years, from the end of the epidemic in 1716 to 1754.
One of the oldest surviving buildings in Olomouc is the Town Hall - a monument architecture of the 15th century. For a long time, access to the building was limited, because its premises were divided between the prison and the offices of officials. Only in the second half of the 20th century, the City Hall began to perform the functions that are entrusted to it today. It is not only a museum and architectural monument of the Renaissance, but also a functioning municipal body, namely, the wedding palace. Opposite the Astronomical Clock of the Town Hall, an open-air cafe is open in summer, and one of the prison premises is given over to the Art Gallery of Olomouc, where the works of contemporary Czech artists are regularly exhibited.
The main church in Olomouc is St. Wenceslas Cathedral - a magnificent building of the Gothic era. The final construction of the cathedral was completed in the XIV century, but it was completed until the beginning of the XX century. In 2007, the temple was completely reconstructed, all the interior decoration now impresses guests of the city with updated decorations and the brightest light from the stained-glass windows.
Opposite the Cathedral of St. Wenceslas is another important attraction of Olomouc - Archbishop's Palace. The construction of the palace began in the 16th century, but the final work on the construction was completed only by 1903. For several centuries, the palace was a resting place for high priests and members of the august families who came here, the Pope even stayed here. Since 2005, all the premises of the palace have been given over to a museum exposition that tells not only about the history of the Catholic Church, but also about all the famous people associated with the city.
The record holder among Czech churches is St. Mauritius Cathedral located in one of the historic quarters of Olomouc. It was erected in the 15th century, and cannot claim the status of the oldest, but its size is impressive - the church is considered the largest of all Catholic churches in Moravia. A truly huge hall for services was originally designed to accommodate four thousand parishioners at a time, but the records of the church do not end there. Here is also the largest organ in Europe, which, among other things, is in perfect condition, and from time to time the best Czech performers give concerts of sacred music here.
The oldest of the holy monasteries in Olomouc is Gradisko Monastery. According to a number of historical documents, the monastery was founded in the 11th century; on the site of the magnificent current architectural ensemble, there were once modest cells and a small wooden church. The current look of the monastery was formed only by the 18th century, and in 1802 the monastery was partially abolished, turning the cells into a military hospital. Now the role of all the premises of the holy monastery has been replayed - the once secondary chapel now plays the role of a full-fledged temple. Where regular services are held, one wing continues to occupy a military hospital, and most of the premises have become a full-fledged museum of Czech culture of the 18th century.
We also recommend reading Geography and Climate in Olomouc
Topic: Information about the resort Olomouc in the Czech Republic.