Rating: 8,7/10 (4516 votes)The main historical and archaeological museum in Great Britain is the British Museum. It is one of the largest museums in the world. The collection of the British Museum includes about 30 million masterpieces collected in various countries. The exposition of the British Museum tells about the history of culture from the origins of civilization to the present. More than 5 million people visit the museum annually. The collection of the museum is located in 94 galleries with a total length of 4 kilometers. The exposition is based on collections of famous personalities - physician Hans Sloan, Earl Robert Harley and antiquarian Robert Cotton. The year 1753 is considered the founding date of the British Museum. It became available to the public after 6 years. The collection of the museum gradually increased, especially rapidly in the 19th century, then it became necessary to create different sections of the exposition. The Egyptian part of the museum's collection is recognized as one of the largest in the world. It includes sarcophagi, sculptures of gods, Pharaoh Ramses II and Thutmes III. It also contains about 800 papyri, which contain literary works, myths, religious texts and documents. The collection includes very valuable copies of the so-called"Book of the Dead". The Greco-Roman section is located in 12 rooms. They showcase ancient antiquities: objects from the temple of Apollo in Figalia, the remains of the Ephesian temple of Diana, a collection of antique stones and much more. The Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome Art Department contains sculptures, Bronze Age objects and works of Roman art. The exposition dedicated to Asia Minor contains a collection of cylindrical seals, Assyrian reliefs, Hittite antiquities, collections of scientists who studied Persian and Mesopotamian monuments. In the Oriental section, tourists will find sculptures, ceramics, prints, paintings, bronzes, hieroglyphic letters and Buddha statues. There is a separate section in the museum dedicated to prehistoric antiquities and monuments of Roman Britain. These include items of church decoration, household utensils and jewelry. In the collection of monuments from the Middle Ages and the New Age, it is interesting to see works of decorative and applied art dating from the early Christianity to the 19th century. It features silver items, knightly armor, weapons, ceramics, glass, church items and the world's largest collection of watches. No less interesting in the museum is the department of coins and medals, which presents a collection of numismatics. It includes more than two hundred thousand exhibits from the 7th century. BC e before the samples of our time. The collection of prints and drawings of the British Museum in its artistic value is equal to the collection of the Louvre. Here you can see the works of Michelangelo, Botticelli, Raphael, Rembrandt, Durer, Van Gogh, van Dyck, Verrocchio, Rubens, Gainsborough and other famous masters. The British Museum is also a national library. Its holdings include approximately 7 million books, 200,000 European manuscripts, 500,000 maps and a million sheet music. The library can accommodate almost 700 readers at a time. It is worth noting that admission to the British Museum is free.
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Topic: British Museum in Great Britain, London Resort.