Rating: 7,9/10 (124 votes)Canterbury Cathedral is a Gothic cathedral in the city of Canterbury in the UK. Officially called the Cathedral and the Metropolitan Church of Christ. It is the leading Anglican cathedral in the country. Here is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury. The cathedral is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with the nearby Church of St. Martin and the Abbey of St. Augustine. The Cathedral, according to the Venerable Bede, was founded in 603 by Augustine of Canterbury, the missionary of Pope Gregory the Great. The foundation he laid was found in an archaeological expedition in 1993. The temple was originally dedicated to Christ the Savior. In the middle of the 8th century, a baptistery was added to the cathedral. During the Norman conquest, the dilapidated church by that time was rebuilt from scratch by Archbishop Lanfranc in the style of Norman Romanesque. Anselm of Canterbury expanded the temple by building an extensive crypt that has survived to this day. In 1174, there was a major fire in the cathedral, which destroyed it almost completely. During the restoration work, a huge Trinity Chapel was added to the temple, into which the relics of Archbishop Thomas Becket, who was killed in the cathedral, were transferred. Since that time, the cathedral has become a holy place visited by thousands of pilgrims every year. Pilgrims were the mainstay for his prosperity and well-being. By the 15th century, the nave of the cathedral acquired the forms of the then popular perpendicular Gothic style, in which it appears today. At the same time, the central tower was significantly rebuilt. The Romanesque Northwest Tower was demolished in the 18th century, and in the 1830s a new tower was built in its place, stylized as perpendicular Gothic. Around Canterbury Cathedral there is a cloister garden, two cloisters and many ancillary rooms created at different times. Some of the outbuildings were destroyed in the bombing of the German army in 1942.
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Topic: Canterbury Cathedral in the UK, Canterbury Resort.