Baptistery of San Giovanni in Italy, Siena resort (Topic)

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Baptistery of San Giovanni in Italy, Siena resort

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The Baptistery of St. John the Baptist was built in the second half of the 14th century. The author of the project is the architect Camaino di Crescentino.

The facade of the baptistery is a true masterpiece of Gothic architecture. The facade was created in the 14th century by the architect Mino del Pellicio, but was never completed. The building's facade was faced with stripes of black and white marble and decorated with richly carved floral and geometric designs. The portals of the baptistery were framed by deep profiled arches. The central portal was crowned with a tall vimperg decorated with carved quatrefoils and pilasters. On the second tier, directly above the side portals, there are profiled deep windows topped with wimpergs.

The main hall of the baptistery is divided into three naves by columns and covered with lancet vaults.

In the 15th century, the walls of the building were decorated with hand-made frescoes by the master Vecchietta and students of his school – Benvenuto di Giovanni, Michele di Matteo, as well as students of the school of Jacopo della Quercia.

In the very center of the baptistery, you can see the famous font created in the first half of the 15th century by the largest sculptors of that time. Today this font is a true masterpiece of the Renaissance. The baptismal font has eight faces, decorated with bronze panels depicting episodes from the life of John the Baptist. Here you can also see sculptures that represent virtues: Baptism of Christ, Feast of Herod, Hope, and Faith, The Taking of John the Baptist into custody, The Gospel of Zechariah, The Nativity of John the Baptist, Judgment, Prudence, The Justification of the Cross, John the Baptist;, `` Prudence ''. The sculptures were made by Donatello, Ghiberti, Giovanni di Turino, Turino di Sano, Gorod i Neroccio and Jacopo della Quercia.

Civorium was also richly decorated. It is adorned with figures of angels by Giovanni di Turino and Donatello, five statues of the prophets by Jacopo della Quercia, and the image of the Madonna and Child. by Giovanni di Turino. The crown of the composition is the statue of John the Baptist, created by Jacopo della Quercia.

In our time, the baptistery – part of the Opera della Metropolitan area.

The Baptistery of San Giovanni, along with other attractions in the historic part of Siena, has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Topic: Baptistery of San Giovanni in Italy, Siena resort.Baptistery of San Giovanni in Italy, Siena resort

Author: Kelly Costine