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Palazzo Madama is a palace complex built on the site of an ancient Roman camp. The palace is located on the Palace Square in the city of Turin. Along with other residences of the House of Savoy, it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997.
In the 13th century, a small fortress was built on the ruins of a Roman gate. In XIV – XV centuries the fortress was owned by the younger branch of the Savoy dynasty – Akaya. At that time, a number of reconstruction works were carried out in the fortress, during which the palace was expanded. At the same time, it was given a rectangular shape, cylindrical towers and a portico were added.
In the future, fortresses were given secondary importance – the residence has been converted into a guest residence.
The role of the fortress was increased after the capital was moved to Turin. Here in the 16th century, during festive events, the Shroud of Turin was exhibited for all to see.
In the first half of the 17th century, the fortress was taken over by Christina Maria Bourbon of France. At the same time, restoration work began on the palace. After 60 years, the palace was acquired by Maria Jeanne Savoie-Nemours. In the 17th century, almost all the elements of the medieval palace were lost.
In the 18th century, the project for the reconstruction of the facade was developed by the famous architect Filippo Juvarra. The grim medieval castle was transformed into a dazzling baroque palace. Only three corner towers, erected in the 15th century, have been preserved from the old building.
Subsequently, the palace was an astronomical observatory, then the seat of parliament, government and court. Since 1934, the palazzo houses a museum.
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Topic: Palazzo Madama in Turin in Italy, resort of Turin.