Colosseum in Italy, Rome resort (Topic)

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Colosseum in Italy, Rome resort

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The Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheater, is one of the largest arenas in the world and a unique architectural monument of Ancient Rome. The Colosseum is located in the hollow between the Celievsky, Palatine and Esquiline hills, on the site where a pond was previously located, which belonged to the Golden House of Nero.

The construction of the Colosseum began by order of Emperor Vespasian in 72, as a collective building of the emperors of the Flavian dynasty. The construction of the amphitheater was completed by Emperor Titus in 80. During the grand opening of the Colosseum, a spectacular gladiatorial battle was organized.

Initially, the Colosseum was called the Flavian Amphitheater, and received its current name in the 8th century, and this happened either due to its colossal size, or from the fact that next to it there was a giant statue, which was erected by Nero in his own honor.

For a long time, the Colosseum was a place for amusement of local residents and visitors. It hosted naval battles, bestial persecution, gladiatorial fights, in addition, staged scenes from mythology and ancient history.

The Colosseum was badly damaged during a fire that happened during the reign of Emperor Macrinus, but soon was restored by order of Alexander Sever – Roman emperor, the last of the Severian dynasty. In 248, the Colosseum held grandiose performances, arranged by Emperor Philip to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the existence of Rome.

In 405 Honorius prohibited the conduct of gladiatorial battles, as it was contrary to the spirit of Christianity. However, animal persecution was carried out here until the death of the leader of the Ostrogoths Theodoric the Great, which occurred in 526. During that period, the Colosseum fell on hard times.

The invasion of the barbarians left the Colosseum in desolation and initiated its destruction. In the XI century, the amphitheater served as a fortress for noble Roman families, and remained so until 1132. Subsequently, the Colosseum belonged to Emperor Henry the Seventh, who soon presented it to the Senate and the people of Rome.

In 1332, the local aristocracy organized bullfights in the Colosseum, since then the systematic destruction of the amphitheater began. Its fallen parts were used for the construction of new buildings. In the 15th and 16th centuries, part of the wall of the Colosseum was used for the construction of the Venetian Palace, the Chancellery Palace and the Palazzo Farnese.

Today, the Colosseum is the symbol of Rome and the most popular tourist attraction in the city. In 2007, the Colosseum was recognized as one of the 7 New Wonders of the World.

Together with many other sites of Old Rome, the Colosseum is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.


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Topic: Colosseum in Italy, Rome resort.Colosseum in Italy, Rome resort

Author: Kelly Costine