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The construction of the Church of Saints Cyril and Methodius was carried out in 1730-1736. The author of the project was the architect K.I. Dientzenhofer – one of the best masters of the Prague Baroque. The cathedral originally belonged to the Catholic Church. An institute for elderly priests worked at the church.
In July 1933, by decision of the government of the Czechoslovak Republic, the cathedral was transferred to the Orthodox Church. The solemn lighting of the cathedral took place in September 1935. Bishops Sergius, Gorazd, Dosifei and Damascene participated in the consecration.
The iconostasis was made according to the project of Professor V.A. Brandita by the Yugoslav painter Svyatoslav Vukovich. The icon of Saints Cyril and Methodius was presented as a gift to the cathedral from the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. After construction, a crypt for burials was created under the cathedral.
In 1942, for 22 days, Czech saboteurs took refuge in the crypt of the cathedral, who attempted to assassinate Reingard Heydrich – Obergruppenfuren SS. The place of their hiding place was soon discovered by the Germans, after which the priests of the cathedral Vladimir Petrshik and Vaclav Chikl, Bishop of Gorazd, and Jan Sonnevend – the headman of the cathedral, were taken into custody, and in September 1942 they were shot. At the same time, a ban was issued on the existence of the Orthodox Church, in connection with which the cathedral was closed. In 1945, after the restoration of the Orthodox Church, the cathedral reopened.
Today, the crypt of the temple houses a memorial dedicated to the memory of the victims of Heydrichiana. The cathedral also keeps personal belongings and vestments of the holy New Martyr Gorazd.
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Topic: Church of Saints Cyril and Methodius in the Czech Republic, Prague resort.