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The natural reserve Atonasovskoe Lake is located northeast of the city of Burgas. In 1970, the northern part of the lake was declared a protected area, and 10 years later - – natural reserve. In November 1980, the reserve became a part of the Ramsar Convention.
In the past, Atanasovskoye Lake was a place for salt evaporation. Since 1906, salt pans were created here, after the lake was given a concession for 30 years. During the First World War, the construction of the salt pans was suspended. In 1921, a German company took over the lake, and therefore the areas for salt evaporation were expanded. The salt pans were used until 1973.
Today, the Black Sea Evaporators are located on the territory of the lake, engaged in the extraction of sea salt. The extraction is carried out in a primitive way, which does not have a negative impact on the inhabitants of the reserve.
Atanasovskoye Lake is also a habitat for rare and endangered species. More than 300 bird species live here, of which 14 are at the stage of extinction: cormorant, Dalmatian pelican, white-fronted goose, red-breasted goose, thin-billed curlew, white-eyed duck, corncrake. The Red Book includes 83 species of birds living on the territory of the reserve.
About 250 species of plants grow on the territory of the lake, among which there are broad-leaved and narrow-leaved cattail, marsh iris, several varieties of orchids, kermek, etc.
The lake is home to 17 species of fish, most of these species are now included in the Red Book of Bulgaria.
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Topic: Natural reserve Atanasovskoe Lake in Bulgaria, Burgas resort.