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What to do if poisoned in the tropics? (Topic)

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What to do if poisoned in the tropics?

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What to do if you get poisoned in the tropics?

Nobody is insured from poisoning in hot countries, even tourists living in luxury hotels in Europe. Such is the human organism and its interaction with the surrounding world. In medicine, there is even such a term - traveler's diarrhea. It has long been proven that this disease does not distinguish between rich and poor, developed countries and third world countries. We are all human, so when going on a trip you need to be sure to insure yourself.

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No one can be immune from poisoning

What are the symptoms of poisoning in the tropics?

Imagine an ordinary tourist who suddenly developed a bunch of symptoms of acute poisoning:

- nausea

- vomiting

- diarrhea

- abdominal pain

- weakness

- high fever

In addition to the above, there may appear: dizziness, trembling hands and feet, confusion, fainting, difficulty breathing, frequent or vice versa , slow pulse.

And so, our poor fellow, hugging the toilet, repeats the same question: `` Lord, why? ''; Good question in this situation. Say what you like, but here nature has tried, inventing ways of tormenting man. Let's try to simplify the list of possible causes:

- indigestion due to a large amount of exotic food;

- infections due to bacteria;

- infections due to a virus;

- infection with parasites;

- poisoning with toxins and poisons.

What to do?

For those who do not have a medical education, it is important to understand when and how they will be able to solve the problem on their own, and at what point you need to urgently run to the doctor. It goes without saying that you will not rush to a specialist with a one-time loosening of the stool, but it is worth remembering that there are serious infections that can threaten your life. Therefore, it is very important to observe carefully! The first messengers are usually nausea, diarrhea and vomiting, the body's natural defense mechanisms.

Remember! With vomiting and diarrhea, you do not need to fight them! No antiemetic and antidiarrheal drugs! The best thing you can do is help your body to cleanse itself.

How to empty your stomach?

It's very simple, you need to give the patient a large amount of water to drink and then induce vomiting by pressing a finger on the root of the tongue. Rinsing should be done until clean water comes back. Important! Do not wash if the patient complains of confusion.

How to cleanse the intestines?

After the stomach is cleansed, proceed to cleanse the intestines. To do this, use the Esmarch mug, which is a container with a long tube that can hold up to two liters of water. You can buy it from polyethylene in pharmacies, the advantage of this option is. that it takes up little space and is sterile.   In a Thai pharmacy, you can say that you need   Irrigation set. Further, almost everyone is familiar with the enema principle. However, there are contraindications for bowel lavage at home, which can aggravate the patient's situation:

- abdominal pain;

- inflammatory bowel disease;

- gastric and intestinal bleeding.

Their signs are:

- fainting, cramps, swelling of the face, edema of the conjunctiva of the eyes;

- weakness, dizziness, pale skin and mucous membranes , sweat, rapid pulse, low blood pressure;

- vomiting of blood or tarry stools.

Fluid and mineral replacement.

During vomiting and diarrhea, the body loses not only the microorganisms that caused the disease, but also water. Namely, with the loss of water   various intestinal disorders develop in the body. Therefore, it is very important to get the patient drunk, especially in tropical countries where the climate is conducive to dehydration. To do this, it is best to use electrolytes, which must be in the first-aid kit of every tourist. But if they did not appear, plain water, green or black tea will do. Important! Juice, fruit compotes and fruit drinks, dairy drinks, coffee, soda, like cola and forfeits, are strictly contraindicated in this case !!!

You need to drink it gradually, in small doses - 1 tablespoon once a minute. In total, you need to drink at least 2 liters of liquid per day. The watering process must be done as long as - coarse and fiber-rich food.

The patient can eat in small quantities - rice, porridge on the water, lean meat soup, boiled meat, crackers and cookies. Prohibited food can be added to the diet a week after the symptoms of poisoning disappear.

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On the first day of the course of the disease - only drink plenty of fluids.

When should you see a doctor?

Patient you should immediately show a specialist if he has the following symptoms:

- blood in vomit and stool;

- loss of consciousness, convulsions;

- blurred vision;

- acute abdominal pain;

- numbness or burning sensation;

- severe weakness;

- paralysis;

- dry mouth;

- severe headaches;

- diarrhea and vomiting more than 20 times a day;

- difficulty breathing;

- swelling of the tongue and larynx;

- signs of dehydration (the patient urinates a little, the skin is dry, apathy);

- if you cannot water the patient on your own, or there is no improvement during the day.

Prevention is the best treatment!

By following a few of the following guidelines, you can reduce the risk of infection:

1. Wash your hands before and after meals.

2. Try to use only bottled water, even for brushing your teeth.

3. Do not drink iced drinks.

4. Eat only well-done meat, fish, eggs.

5. Use canned food carefully, only if you are confident in its freshness

6. Rinse fruits with drinking water before eating.

7. Don't eat too many exotic foods at once.

8. Don't eat fruits you don't know.

9. Refrain from eating raw fish and seafood.

10. Try to swim so that the water does not enter your mouth.

Enjoy your stay!
only if you are sure of its freshness

6. Rinse fruits with drinking water before eating.

7. Don't eat too many exotic foods at once.

8. Don't eat fruits you don't know.

9. Refrain from eating raw fish and seafood.

10. Try to swim so that water does not get into your mouth.

Enjoy your stay!
only if you are sure of its freshness

6. Rinse fruits with drinking water before eating.

7. Don't eat too many exotic foods at once.

8. Don't eat fruits you don't know.

9. Refrain from eating raw fish and seafood.

10. Try to swim so that water does not get into your mouth.

Enjoy your stay!

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Topic: What to do if poisoned in the tropics?.What to do if poisoned in the tropics?

Author: Kelly Costine

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