Rating: 7,8/10 (281 votes)
N.A. Nekrasov in Chudovo description and photo - Russia - North-West: Novgorod region. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photos and a map showing the nearest significant objects.
Photo and description
The district center Chudovo is associated with the work of the poet N.A.Nekrasov. Nikolai Alekseevich acquired an estate with the beautiful name Chudovskaya Luka. The estate is located on the banks of the Kerest River, which flows into the Volkhov. In the center of the estate, surrounded by an old garden, stands a two-storey wooden house. In this house the great Russian poet in the seventies of the nineteenth century repeatedly lived in the summer. Nekrasov did not come to Chudovo himself, but with his beloved wife Zinaida Nikolaevna, whom he affectionately called Zinochka. Nikolai Alekseevich liked life on the estate, it allowed him to escape from his work in the magazine and, at least for a short time, forget about the cruel censorship.
In the summer of 1874, he lived in Chudovskiye Luki for two months. It was at that time that a cycle of eleven poetic works was born, later called the "Chudovsky cycle". During his life on the estate, the poet constantly traveled to Chudovo and the surrounding villages. These trips allowed Nekrasov to get acquainted with the life and living conditions of ordinary peasants. Subsequently, the resulting material was used by him to write such works as "Conflagration", "Railway" and, of course, the immortal "Elegy".
The life of ordinary people was so accurately conveyed in the "Railway" , full of hardships and hardships, that the tsarist censorship twice warned the editors of the journal "Sovremennik", which published this work. The magazine was subsequently closed. This event happened in 1866.
On trips, Nekrasov's wife was always there, even on the hunt, in which Zinaida took part on an equal basis with men. Chudovskaya hunting was reflected by Nekrasov in the work "Despondency".
Nikolai Alekseevich was loved by local peasants, because he behaved with them simply, on equal terms. "He's not a master," said the peasants. Nekrasov and his wife also adored the peasant children, whom the Nekrasov couple repeatedly invited to their estate for the holidays.
The wonderful atmosphere that reigned in Chudovskiye Luki caused the poet's creative enthusiasm, and he spent two summer months in 1874 wrote about a thousand lines. In Chudovo he wrote the poems "Traveler", "Terrible Year", "Departing", "Prophet" and others.
But sometimes dramas happened in Chudovskiye Luki. So, while hunting, Nekrasov's dog Kado accidentally died. Nekrasov loved his dog very much, for him, her death was a real blow. Kado was buried in the estate near the house. A granite slab was laid on the grave. Nikolai Alekseevich stood by her for a long time.
At the end of 1877, Nikolai Alekseevich, not long ill, died. By inheritance, the estate passed to Nekrasov's brother - Konstantin and his sister Anna. In 1892, an agricultural school was opened on the estate, which lasted until 1906. During epidemics, a hospital was opened in the building. During the war, during the occupation, the German barracks were located here, and the garden was cut down.
A museum was opened in the estate for the 150th anniversary, and in 2004 the appearance of the estate was restored to its original form. Also, museum workers removed modern items from the rooms and returned furniture, which was used directly by N.A.Nekrasov. Near the house, presumably, at the site of Kado's grave, a bronze sculpture “N. A. Nekrasov with a dog.
On the territory of the estate, next to the house - a museum, there is a scientific, cultural center, where documents and photographs related to the period of Nekrasov's stay in Chudovo are collected.
Every year a poetry festival is held in Chudovo, which attracts participants and guests from neighboring countries and Russia.
Topic: House-Museum of N. A. Nekrasov in Chudovo description and photo - Russia - North-West: Novgorod region.