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St. Andrews Castle description and photos - Great Britain: St. Andrews. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The name in English is St. Andrews Castle.
Photo & Description
St Andrews Castle (St Andrews) is now a picturesque ruin on the North Sea coast in St Andrews, Scotland. Once it was a superbly fortified, powerful castle, standing on a rocky promontory. The fortress was built at the end of the 12th century by Bishop Roger. The city's treasury was kept here, and Scottish bishops lived here, since for many years St. Andrews was considered the religious capital of Scotland.
During the Scottish Wars of Independence in the XIV century, the castle changed hands many times. It was destroyed and rebuilt by both the British and the Scots. At the end of the 14th century, Bishop Walter Trail restores and completely removes the castle. Under the northwest tower, in the thickness of the rock, a bottle-shaped dungeon is made, which is used as a prison for highly important and dangerous criminals.
During the Scottish Reformation, the castle became the center of religious persecution and conflict. Political prisoners were held in the castle, executions were carried out here.
The walls were fortified and could withstand numerous artillery attacks, but, despite this, both English Protestants and Scottish Catholics, and, later, Scottish Protestants yielded and conquered lock. It was at this time that the trenches were made under the castle, which are now open to tourists.
After the war, the castle gradually fell into decay and collapsed to such an extent that in 1656 the city council allowed to take stones from there for the construction of the pier.
To date, only part of the southern wall has survived from the once powerful fortress, a square tower, a kitchen tower, a "bottle" dungeon and underground passages.
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Topic: St. Andrews Castle description and photos - Great Britain: St. Andrews.