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Church of St Mary on the Rock description and photos - Great Britain: St Andrews. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The title in English is Church of St Mary on the Rock.
Photo and Description
The Church of the Virgin Mary on the Rock, the Collegiate Church of the Virgin Mary or Virgin Mary of the Caldes, is the oldest Christian place of worship in St Andrews (St Andrews) in Scotland. The appearance of a temple at this place dates back to the latest in the 8th century, when, as it is believed, there was a church that belonged to the monastic order of the Kaldy. Calde communities were widespread in the early Middle Ages in Ireland and Scotland and existed until the 11th-12th centuries, when in Scotland the pious Queen Margaret (future St. ). Often the monks of the Kalda settled in communities of 13 people, which symbolized Jesus Christ and his 12 apostles.
In 1140 a community of Augustinian monks was founded here. They are trying to subjugate the kaldes or integrate them into their community, but documents show that in 1199 the kaldy community still existed independently.
By 1250, the kaldes settled in the Church of the Virgin Mary, which receives the status of a collegiate church. which means that the church was headed by a chapter, that is, a council of canons, but not a cathedral (as under a bishop and a cathedral), but a collegial one or (that is, just under a church). It is the first collegiate church in Scotland and the only one to have emerged before the 14th century.
The church was destroyed in 1559. Now only ruins remain of it, which for the most part date back to the 12th century. They are in close proximity to the ruins of St. Andrew's Cathedral. Although little has survived from the church, it can be said from the remains that the building was cruciform, without side chapels, and the chambers were longer than the nave. The altar was in the eastern part.
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Topic: Church of St Mary on the Rock description and photos - Great Britain: St Andrews.