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Peterhof Grand Palace description and photos - Russia - St. Petersburg: Peterhof. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photos and a map showing the nearest significant objects.
Photo and description
The Grand Palace is the center of the Peterhof ensemble, which is located in the city of Peterhof, 29 km from St. Petersburg, on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland. This is the so-called "crown" residence of the Russian tsars. A majestic three-story building stretches along the terrace for almost 300 m.
Over the creation of the architectural appearance and design of the interior decoration of the Grand Palace during the 18-19th centuries. famous Western European and Russian masters worked: J.-B. Leblond, I.-F. Braunstein, F.-B. Rastrelli, M. Zemtsov, N. Michetti, A.I. Stackenschneider. Until now, visitors to the Peterhof Grand Palace never tire of admiring its splendor.
Originally a palace, built in 1714-1725 according to the project of J.-B. Leblon and I. Braunstein, looked rather modest. Later in 1745-1755. it was rebuilt by Elizaveta Petrovna on the model of the Versailles Palace according to the project of F.-B. Rastrelli in the mature baroque style.
Particularly impressive is the view of the facade of the Grand Palace from the Lower or Upper Park. But in reality, the building of the Grand Palace is rather narrow and not as huge as it seems at first glance. The Grand Palace includes about 30 halls, which include luxurious ceremonial halls, plastered like marble, with inlaid parquet, painted ceilings, gilded walls.
Among the numerous halls of the palace, there are: the Blue Reception, the Ballroom, the Chesme Hall , White dining room, Audience hall, Chinese offices, Picture hall, Partial drawing room, Empress's study, Crown, Large blue living room, Cavalier, Dressing room, Standard room, etc.
In the Peter's part of the palace, the Oak Cabinet of the first Russian emperor has been preserved to this day. The main element of the decoration of these small cozy chambers is carved oak panels, which were created during the life of Tsar Peter I by the French sculptor Nicolas Pinault. The Oak Cabinet also displays personal belongings of Peter I, including a travel clock made by the German master Johann Benner.
During the reign of Peter I's daughter, Elizabeth, in the middle of the 18th century, an unsurpassed master of style worked in Peterhof baroque, the famous architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli. The interiors that were created by the genius of Rastrelli are typically characterized by an abundance of gilded wood carvings, numerous mirrors, parquet flooring, made of different types of wood, bright and colorful ceiling plafonds.
Virtually the entire western wing of the Grand Palace is the Dance Hall (in the 18th century it was called the Merchant Hall). Legend has it that Empress Elizabeth Petrovna specifically demanded that Rastrelli decorate this hall richer, since the main purpose of this hall was to receive eminent representatives of the merchants, who, according to Elizabeth, were very fond of everything gold.
New alterations and changes to the interiors of the Grand Palace took place in the second half of the 18th century. in a fashionable classic style at that time. Famous architects Zh..B. Wallen-Delamot and Yu.M. Felten in 1760-1770 were engaged in the design of the interiors of the Chesme, Throne rooms, Chinese cabinets.
As a result of two hundred years of construction, a delightful palace turned out, where, next to the modest chambers of Peter's times, the halls of the middle of the 18th century shine with luxury and splendor. in the baroque style. Next to them, the solemn apartments in the classicism style keep calm and austerity. They are replaced by chambers of the mid-19th century, in which the artistic principles of the Rococo style are revived.
The Grand Palace in Peterhof was the center of the official summer life of Russia: it was here that many important issues for the country were resolved, receptions of distinguished guests, holidays, masquerades were held and balls.
Today, the Grand Palace is a unique historical and art museum with a collection of about three and a half thousand exhibits, which includes paintings, pieces of furniture, fabrics, lamps, dishes,
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Topic: Great Peterhof Palace description and photos - Russia - St. Petersburg: Peterhof.