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Metropolitan Museum of Art description and photos - USA: New York. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The title in English is Metropolitan Museum of Art.
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The Metropolitan Museum of Art is one of the largest art museums in the world and the second most visited after the Louvre. His collection contains over three million works of art.
History of the Metropolitan Museum of Art
In 1870, a group of Americans (including banker John Taylor Johnston, publisher George Palmer Putnam and artist Eastman Johnson ) established a museum in an effort to give the American people access to art. The collection is based on private meetings of the founders and purchases made with donations from sponsors. However, at first the museum did not have a serious budget, copies of paintings by European masters were ordered to replenish it.
But in 1901, millionaire Jacob Rogers bequeathed $ 4.5 million to the Metropolitan Museum. Other philanthropists followed suit, and the museum has become a major art buyer. At the same time, the collection was replenished with donations. Catherine Lorillard Wolfe bequeathed 143 paintings and the money for which the paintings "Madame Charpentier with the Children" by Renoir, "The Abduction of Rebekah" by Delacroix, "Death of Socrates" by David were purchased. Banker Benjamin Altman presented such masterpieces as Rembrandt's Self-Portrait, Vermeer's The Sleeping Girl, and Durer's Madonna and Child with Saint Anne. In 1969, philanthropist Robert Lehman donated his private collection of paintings, drawings, and works of European decorative and applied art of the XIV-XIX centuries to the museum - 2,600 works are exhibited in the New Wing, built specifically for this collection.
The Metropolitan Collection -museum
Met, as the townspeople call it, received a unique place in Central Park in the 19th century. In 1880, a building designed by architects Calvert Vox and Jacob Ray Mold opened here - now it is not visible behind the numerous extensions that followed. The current complex is colossal: almost 200 thousand square meters of exhibition space. There are seventeen thematic sections dedicated to antiquity and Ancient Egypt, European craftsmen, Islamic art, musical instruments, costume, weapons and armor, American and modern art.
The Meta collection contains genuine masterpieces: the originals of rock paintings of Australian aborigines (images about 40 thousand years old), figures of winged bulls with human heads of the era of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (IX century BC), drawings by Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Rembrandt, sculptures by Houdon and Rodin, paintings by Botticelli, El Greco, Velazquez.
The collection of the museum continues to grow today. Recently, the Met received from the head of the cosmetic empire Leonard Lauder a gift worth about a billion dollars: 78 canvases by Cubist artists, including Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Juan Gris and Fernand Leger.
In a year, the Metropolitan Museum of Art visited by about half a million people. And although the recommended admission ticket price is $ 25, the visitor has the right to pay any amount - they will still be admitted.
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Topic: Metropolitan Museum of Art description and photos - USA: New York.