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The Constitution Bridge is the youngest bridge across the Grand Canal, built in 2008. The author of the project was the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. The bridge connects Piazzale Roma with the Santa Lucia train station. The bridge received its official name to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Italian Constitution.
In 1999, the municipality of Venice announced a preliminary plan for the construction of a fourth bridge across the Grand Canal. In November of the same year, the city authorities commissioned the development of the bridge plan to the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. The project involved the construction of an arched bridge with a fairly large radius of curvature. The main elements of the bridge were created outside the city and were delivered to the site using special barges.
The total length of the bridge is 79.7 meters, width – from 9.4 to 17.7 meters. The base of the bridge was made of reinforced concrete beams, the stair steps were made of tempered glass and Istrian stone.
Throughout the construction period, the bridge was repeatedly criticized due to the modernist architecture of the bridge, which does not fit well into the architectural ensemble of the city, the unsuccessful choice of location, as well as due to the lack of the possibility of overcoming it for wheelchair users. During the operation, special lifts were built for the movement of disabled people.
Criticism and protests, which soon resulted in a series of rallies against the bridge, led to the cancellation of the inauguration of the bridge.
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Topic: Bridge of the Constitution in Italy, Venice resort.