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Memorial complex Yad Vashem, created to perpetuate the memory of the Holocaust (or Catastrophe) and the resilience of the Jewish people during the period from 1933 to 1945, opened in Jerusalem by the decision of the state parliament in 1953. Complex is located on the hill of Memory, a little west of Mount Herzl.
The name of the memorial complex in translation into Russian sounds like `` Memory and name ''. A building with basalt walls - Hall of Memory, with an eternal fire burning in it. It was created by the architect Arie Elkhanani.
In addition, the complex includes: an archive, a world center for the study of the Holocaust, a library, a research and publication center, the Garden of the Righteous of the World, as well as a number of museums: the Historical Museum, the Art museum, Valley of destroyed communities, Hall of names, Hall of memory of children.
Hall of memory of children (or Children's Memorial) is located in the cave and is dedicated to one and a half million Jewish children who were killed during the Holocaust. Moshe Safdi became the architect of this hall.
In addition, on the territory of Yad Vashem you can see the monument `` Janusz Korczak with children '', as well as a monument dedicated to the fighters of the Jewish resistance.
The Garden of the Righteous of the World was created in memory of people of different nationalities who saved lives of Jews, risking their own.
The memorial to the deported - a standard cattle carriage, which was used during the Holocaust as a means of transporting Jews to concentration camps.
The exposition of the historical museum, created on the territory of Yad Vashem, includes many household items, photographs, various works of art related to the Holocaust.
The collection of the Art Museum includes works by prisoners of concentration camps, which are unique evidence of that terrible era. There is also a synagogue on the territory of the memorial complex, where memorial ceremonies for the victims of the Holocaust are held.
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Topic: Yad Vashem Memorial Complex in Israel, Jerusalem Resort.