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Ancient Thera description and photos - Greece: Santorini Island (Thira). Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The name in English is Ancient Thera.
Photo and description
Ancient Thira (Tera) is an ancient city located on the steep rocky promontory of Mesa Vuno, at an altitude of 396 m above sea level. The city got its name in honor of the mythical ruler of the island of Tiras and was inhabited by the Dorians since the 9th century BC. and existed until 726 AD
The ruins of the ancient city were discovered in 1895 by the German archaeologist Friedrich von Hiller. Systematic excavations were carried out here until 1904 and most of the residential buildings and cemeteries of ancient Tyra were discovered. Excavations resumed again under the auspices of the Archaeological Society of Athens between 1961 and 1982. Then an ancient necropolis was discovered on the slopes of Sellada.
Most of the ruins of the ancient city date back to the Hellenistic era, but there are also remains of Roman and Byzantine buildings. Of the most important architectural monuments discovered during excavations, it is worth highlighting the ancient Agora, which was located almost in the center of the city. Temples and public buildings were concentrated here. In the southwestern part of the Agora is the Doric Royal Gallery, built during the reign of Julius Caesar (1st century AD). The temple of Artemis, carved directly into the rock (late 4th - early 3rd century BC) is also impressive. Various inscriptions and symbols of the gods (the eagle of Zeus, the lion of Apollo and the dolphins of Poseidon) are carved on the rock. Also on the territory of the ancient city were discovered the temple of Dionysius (3rd century BC) and the sanctuary of Apollo (6th century BC). Of particular interest is the ancient theater, built during the Ptolemaic dynasty (3rd century BC). Initially, the theater had an orchestra pit, due to which, during its reconstruction in the 1st century AD, the stage was enlarged. Notable are also such ancient buildings as the Roman Baths, the Byzantine Walls, the Church of St. Stephen (built on the ruins of the early Christian church of St. Michael the Archangel) and the Ancient Necropolis.
The archaeological excavations of the ancient settlement were of great historical importance. In addition to the wonderful architectural structures, many valuable artifacts were also found that perfectly illustrate the life of the ancient city in its various aspects. Today the territory of Ancient Tyra is open for visits. After seeing the architectural sights, you can also admire the beautiful panoramic views from the top of the cliff.St. Stephen's Church (built on the ruins of the early Christian church of St. Michael the Archangel) and the Ancient Necropolis.
Topic: Ancient Thera description and photos - Greece: Santorini Island (Thira).