Rating: 8,5/10 (800 votes)
Ebensee description and photos - Austria: Lake Traunsee. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The title in English is Ebensee.
Photo and description
Ebensee is an Austrian city located in the federal state of Upper Austria, in the Traunviertel region. Ebensee is located in the Bad Ischl district at an altitude of 443 meters above sea level, on the southern shore of Lake Traunsee. The regional capital Linz is 90 km north.
Until 1253, the Traunviertel region belonged to the Duchy of Styria, until King Ottokar II allocated it to the Austrian Duchy. Ebensee was first mentioned in 1447. Salt production began here in 1607. Historically, the site was chosen because of the rich forests used to produce salt. Under the supervision of Woodruff Hans Kals, a salt pipeline was built in Ebensee. The pipeline is the oldest in the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In 1943, the Nazis established a concentration camp in Ebensee, code-named Cement, as a subsidiary camp for Mauthausen. From November 1943 to May 1945, 8,745 prisoners died in the camp. At the end of April 1945, the concentration camp had 18,437 prisoners. The camp was liberated by American soldiers on May 6, 1945. Due to the extremely high mortality rate, Ebensee is considered one of the most horrible Nazi concentration camps.
Currently, Ebensee attracts many tourists from all over the world. The city is surrounded by three picturesque lakes: Traunsee, Offensee, Langbasssee. The Traunsee is used for boating, and the other two lakes are used for swimming in summer. Also of interest is the Ebensee History Museum, which tells about the history of the region from 1918 to 1955.
We also recommend reading Cathedral of St. Mark (Basilica San Marco) description and photos - Italy: Venice
Topic: Ebensee description and photos - Austria: Lake Traunsee.