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National Park "Cilento and Vallo di Diano" (Parco Nazionale del Cilento e Vallo di Diano) description and photos - Italy: Campania. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The title in English is Parco Nazionale del Cilento e Vallo di Diano.
Photo and description
National Park "Cilento and Vallo di Diano" in the province of Salerno in the Italian region of Campania was created in 1991 to protect the territory of the Cilentan coast from mass tourism and construction. In 1998, the park was declared a World Cultural and Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO along with the ancient Greek cities of Paestum and Velia and the Cartesian Monastery of Certosa di Padula, located on its territory. In addition to the Cilento and Vallo di Diano, the province of Salerno also has the Foce Sele Tanagro Nature Reserve and the Punta Licosa Marine Reserve.
The territory of the Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park is the second largest in Italy. The park stretches from the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea to the foothills of the Apennine mountains in Basilicata and Campania and includes most of the Cilentan coast, the Pruno forest, the Alburni, Cervati and Jelbison mountains. The natural beauty and biological diversity of these places are successfully complemented by monuments of history and culture and numerous myths and legends - from the stories of the nymph Lycosia and the travels of Aeneas to the ruins of the ancient Greek colonies of Eleus and Paestum. The natural landscapes of the park, untouched by man, alternate with lands inhabited and cultivated by people for thousands of years.
Cilento is an amazingly beautiful land, where hills covered with greenery and ashy olive groves are reflected in the blue waters of the Tyrrhenian Sea, turbulent streams run nearby, here and there you can see lunar landscapes and thickets of chestnuts and oaks, and on the high cliffs are tiny ancient villages.
About 1800 plant species are registered in the national park, every tenth of which is endemic or rare. The most famous of them, which has become a real symbol of the park, is the primrose, or primrose. The fauna of the Cilento is no less diverse, which is due to the wide variety of local ecosystems - there are coastal and alpine zones, turbulent rivers and streams, cliffs and forests. Rare golden eagles, peregrine falcons, Mediterranean falcons, stone partridges and alpine jackdaws are found on the tops of the mountains and on high-mountain pastures.
Numerous caves of Cilento and Vallo di Diano have been chosen since ancient times by a man who found refuge in them. ...
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Topic: National Park ”Cilento and Vallo di Diano” (Parco Nazionale del Cilento e Vallo di Diano) description and photos - Italy: Campania.