Rating: 8,7/10 (3479 votes)Roman Baths is a museum and historical complex in the British city of Bath. It includes a sacred spring, baths, a Roman temple, a museum that displays archaeological finds made in the region. The bathhouse itself is located underground, the houses above them were built only in the 19th century. At a depth of 2700-4300 meters in limestone layers there is water heated by geothermal energy to 64-96 ° C. Hot water is pressurized and pushed to the surface, passing through numerous cracks and fractures in the limestone. Thus, hot mineral springs are formed here. These sources were revered by the ancient Celts, who associated them with the name of the goddess Sulis as sacred. The Romans who came to this area, who identified Sulis with Minerva, called the settlement of Waters Sulis, built a temple and Roman baths on a foundation of oak piles and lead roofs. By the second century, baths had pools with cold, warm and hot water. In archaeological excavations on the territory of the Roman baths, many clay tablets were found with curses on them: people turned to the goddess Sulis with requests to punish their offender. Most often, the offenders were thieves who took away the clothes of people bathing in the baths. Over the centuries, interest in hot medicinal springs either faded or flared up again. Bath experienced a real heyday in the 18th century, when the fashion of going to hot springs appeared among aristocrats. It was at this time that the remains of Roman baths were found during the construction of new pavilions and galleries. Today, in the museum, which is part of the complex of Roman baths, artifacts from the era of Roman rule are presented to the attention of visitors, mainly gifts to the goddess Sulis, who were thrown into a sacred source. Here you can also see the bronze head of the goddess, discovered during an archaeological expedition in 1727. In addition, in the museum you can learn about the appearance of the ancient Roman temple, which was located here, and about the structure of the term.
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Topic: Roman Baths in the UK, Bath.